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Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR2013), Washington DC, USA, August 2013, pp. 688-692
Reading order detection and representation is an important task in many digitisation scenarios involving the preservation of the logical structure of a document. The corresponding need for the evaluation of reading order results generated by layout analysis methods poses a particular challenge due to the potential deviations between the ground truth and actually detected segmentation of the page. To this end a novel evaluation approach that responds to this problem by incorporating region correspondence analysis is proposed. Furthermore, a sophisticated reading order representation scheme is presented and used by the system allowing the grouping of objects with ordered and/or unordered relations. This is a typical requirement for documents with complex layouts such as magazines and newspapers. The evaluation method has been validated using the results of two state-of-the-art OCR / layout analysis systems and a basic top-to-bottom reading order detection algorithm applied on representative samples from the PRImA contemporary and the IMPACT historical document datasets.
C. Clausner, S. Pletschacher, A. Antonacopoulos , "The Significance of Reading Order in Document Recognition and its Evaluation", Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Document Analysis and Recognition (ICDAR2013), Washington DC, USA, August 2013, pp. 688-692