Image and Vision Computing, Volume 25, Issue 5, Elsevier, May 2007, pp. 564-577
There is a significant need to extract and analyse the text in images on Web documents, for effective indexing, semantic analysis and even presentation by non-visual means (e.g., audio). This paper argues that the challenging segmentation stage for such images benefits from a human perspective of colour perception in preference to RGB colour space analysis. The proposed approach enables the segmentation of text in complex situations such as in the presence of varying colour and texture (characters and background). More precisely, characters are segmented as distinct regions with separate chromaticity and/or lightness by performing a layer decomposition of the image. The method described here is a result of the authors' systematic approach to approximate the human colour perception characteristics for the identification of character regions. In this instance, the image is decomposed by performing histogram analysis of Hue and Lightness in the HLS colour space and merging using information on human discrimination of wavelength and luminance.
D. Karatzas, A. Antonacopoulos , "Colour text segmentation in web images based on human perception", Image and Vision Computing, Volume 25, Issue 5, Elsevier, May 2007, pp. 564-577